Series 4 - listen to the podcast
The Binary Times - Series 4 Episode 7
Sat 15th Sept, 2018
00:24 Wayne welcomes us to Series 4, Episode 7 from a sunny, autumnal Bristol. He's enjoying the weather, it's good chicken weather! Mark greets us from an overcast, but calm Kilkishen. He fears that next week might be quite bad weather wise, watch this space, maybe retrospectively...
01:44 With the weather out of the way, Wayne asks Mark what he's been up to in his Little Linux Land for the last fortnight. Mark tells us that he upgraded his pihole to version 4 and after adding some extra blocklists saw his blocked traffic go from ~3% to ~44%, which he puts down to snapchat. He goes on to tell us that both his pi-hole and his main desktop PC both stopped working last night, the reason for which he hasn't figured out yet. Wayne reminds us that we're talking about all good things about Linux. Mark blames nVidia for its sucky stupid proprietary drivers. This leads the guys to have a bit of a 'production meeting' mid podcast to discuss the advantages of being Irish and [ab]using the English language. All feedback on this production meeting welcome!
07:50 Wayne tells us that he has updated dd-wrt on all his routers. The flirtation with Microtik's RouterOS is over after Ben, one of our contirbutor's, mentioned an article focusing on MikroTik router vulnerabilities. Wayne thanks the DD-WRT community for all their hard work over the years. Wayne checks some info to ensure his reporting accuracy, and the lads joke about their recent efforts to improve the podcast.
16:40 Wayne tells us of the fun he's had updating his servers to Ubuntu 18.04. Luckily he was prudent, he snapshotted his previous 16.04 server, and all is good. The guys discuss good sys admin practices, dabbling, and some meat and potatoes for good measure. Apologies to all the vegetarians out there!
19:12 Moving on from that, Wayne tells us that he upgraded his desktop to Ubuntu MATE 18.04. Wayne tells us he is using Lenovo's Display Link and that Adnan Hodzic's display link driver for Debian has proved immeasurably useful, thanks Adnan!
21:10 Wayne brings the conversation around to the latest Humble Bundles, ranging from UI/UX to Trivia to Smart homes / smart cities. The guys chat about a number of topics ranged around the ideas in these bundles.
29:50 In other stuff that Wayne has been doing, he's discovered that Piwik has become Matomo. This leads to more conversation around privacy and more production meeting type discussions! Mark mentions the Miro Guide as another way to promote the podcast. Mark refers back to Squid's point of providing information about open source technologies on proprietary platforms as a valid way to spread the free software message. It's a tough one to crack. Welcome to lucky bag podcasting! The guys invite everyone listening to join in on providing their views.
38:02 Mark follows up on the current state of the EU copyright Directive by telling us that the EU Parliament voted to adopt its position on digital copyright rules. Mark follows this with his own take on all this malarky, and the guys have a discussion around this.
47:00 Under the Hood - Mark's Under the Hood is a quick one on how to do networking right on a Raspberry Pi and that is edit dhcpcd.conf and nothing else.
Wayne's Under the Hood is to use the webpagetest.org website to test web page loading times.
48:25 Irish Saying of the Podcast - "Faoi mhóid bheith saor" - Sworn to be Free (ahem, apart from all the proprietary stuff, sorry!)
We hope you enjoyed the podcast as much as we did making it!
The Binary Times - Series 4 Episode 6
Paul Clyne chats with us
Sun 2nd Sept, 2018
00:24 Wayne introduces Series 4 Episode 6 of the Binary Times podcast from a slightly overcast but nice and mild Bristol. Mark joins us from an overcast, autumn definitely on the way, Kilkishen, while also introducing a new word "fantabalásach", a mish mash of Irish/English meaning awfully great. While Wayne loves Autumn and Spring, Mark implores us to embrace all of life's aspects. Wayne thinks this is weird.
01:19 Wayne asks Mark what he's been up to for the last two weeks. Mark tells us he's been busy with various things, one of those things being programming in Python (the book he's forgotten the name of is Invent Your Own Computer Games with Python). He's doing this along with Hugh, a regular attendee at the Ubuntu Hours in Ennis. He tells us that they are meeting up again next week to compare notes and is looking forward to that.
02:19 Mark goes on to tell us about some of his recent trials and tribulations with Steam and proprietary Nvidia drivers. He tells us first about Valve's latest initiative to bring Window's games to Linux via Steam Play and what needs to be done to enable Windows only games on Steam for Linux. To start you need to ensure you're participating in the Beta, you can check this by clicking on Steam, Account and checking to see if Beta participation is "Steam Beta update", if not click on the change button and choose Steam Beta Update from the drop down options. Once this is done (you'll need to restart if Steam Beta Update wasn't chosen), you need to click on Steam Play from the Steam Settings menu, and under advanced, check Enable Steam Play for all titles. All your windows games will now be available for install. Thanks to the Dublin Linux Group Telegram Channel for the tip. Mark goes on to tell us that games are freezing on him when he runs games, so he is planning on moving to the beta nvidia driver 396 provided by the graphics-drivers ppa, which Mark thinks may prove to provide exciting days ahead. Wayne offers the helpful advice that you can only fall over so many times before it becomes enough.
08:26 Wayne tells us that he's had a few weeks where he's finding it hard to look at the screen and so he hasn't been doing an awful lot. He tells us about an insight he got from his manager's reaction to Libre Office's splash screen about the importance of software looking good to make people want to use it. Wayne goes on to talk about how he runs the servers for the Binary Times and after a call out to our Telegram Channel looking for decent log file analysis software, Maurizio informed us of an application called lnav. Wayne tried it out as a snap first, found problems due to the containerized nature of snaps, so he installed the statically linked binary available from the website. Wayne goes on to discuss the limitations that snaps bring with them. He follows this with some of the handier keystrokes available in lnav - d to skip forward 24 hours, shift d, o will go to the next and previous day. Wayne suggests reading the documentation available on the lnav website for further information. Wayne is impressed with lnav and thanks Maurizio for the tip.
16:48 Mark brings the conversation back to Libre Office and the recent blogpost on the busy month Libre Office has had last August. The guys discuss this and licensing issues with other proprietary office suites. Mark mentions the Register article about 1/5 of IT spending in Britain is going to Microsoft. Wayne and Mark applaud Microsoft's business acumen.
21:02 Wayne introduces an interview that Mark did with Paul Clyne, a man who reclaims old disused PCs, refurbishes them and upgrades the operating system to Ubuntu MATE, before giving them away back into his community. An article about what he does can be found here. Well done Paul, keep up the great work!
Paul gives us our Aussie Saying of the podcast, which is "G'day, mate!", which translates as "Good day to you friend".
44:58 Under the Hood! Mark starts off with a simple one.To find out what the two characters mean at the start of the dpkg -l, type dpkg -l | head -3. Mark explains that head and tail are used to look at the start and end, respectively, of the output of a command.
We hope you enjoyed the episode as much as we did making it!
The Binary Times - Series 4 Episode 5
Sat 18th Aug, 2018
00:24 Wayne welcomes us to Series 4 Episode 5 from a wet and muggy Bristol. Mark tells us it's a soft day in Kilkishen. Winter has finally arrived, fires and being lit, and the shop across the road from Mark has just installed an ice cream machine.
02:22 Wayne asks Mark what he's been at in his linux world for the last two weeks. Mark mentions the recent review the guys received on Linux Links inspired Mark to improve his audio set up. At first, Mark decided to go all hardcore and install Slackware and design his own digital studio with the help of Slackermedia. This was against Wayne's better judgement. Mark tells us it's been a long time since he installed Slackware, and the last slackware derivative distro he installed was Turbolinux (he remembered incorrectly, the distro he installed was VectorLinux 5.8 and he has the discs to prove it)! Things haven't changed much in the slackware world as LILO is still the bootloader and this and the amount of maunual setting up required prompted Mark to make an executive decision to drop Slackware for now and come back to it when he had more time, probably when he retires, though slackware might not be around then because of the 2038 bug. Mark installed Ubuntu Studio instead and concentrated on setting up his audio. Mark thanks the Ubuntu Studio development team for helping make all this possible.
08:10 Mark asks Wayne about his last two weeks with Linux. Wayne tells us that he has been spending more and more time with GNS3. He also tells us that he purchased a mikrotik router that comes with RouterOS. Wayne goes on to tell us that there is a Router OS image available for GNS3, with which he's been playing around with and having some fun. He's still struggling with whether he should be playing with pfSense or RouterOS, all comments and feedback welcome. Mark tells us that he's waiting for his Turris Mox.
16:15 Wayne has been looking into the differences between CAT5e, CAT6 and CAT6A. Each cable type basically allows you to carry more information further. He used an article from kit-communications for his information.
20:45 Wayne tells us how he saw an ad for NordVPN on prime time TV. This leads to a discussion around privacy and how privacy concerns are becoming more mainstream.
24:02 Wayne tells us about how coinhive malware has infected Mikrotik routers. This leads to a discussion around routers and patching, and the conclusion comes from the article: patch early and patch often
28:00 Wayne tells us that he's removed Kubuntu 18.04 from his Thinkpad X220 laptop and has returned to Ubuntu MATE 16.04. He's sticking with Ubuntu MATE 16.04 until end of life because it's so rock solid (you can check end of life by typing ubuntu-support-status at the command line). Wayne also mentions the linux links review as he will now endeavour to keep his pronouncements as accurate and up to date as possible. He was also really happy with the placing of the Binary Times in the Linux Links Linux Podcast Scene article.
33:47 Mark mentions that since upgrading to Kubuntu 18.04 he has noticed a problem with playing steam games in that they tend to crash more often. Since he's talking about Steam he mentions the news that Valve seems to be working on tools to get Windows games working on Linux. This brings the conversation around to whether having proprietary applications on free platforms is a good idea, before Mark quickly mentions that the "Respects Your Freedom" certification programme continues to grow. He also mentions that the FSF is looking for a Business Operations Manager. Wayne bought his X220 in the belief that libreboot would some day be available for it. Mark goes on to mention an article they both read on how open source has failed and how free and open source software is being used to concentrate wealth through corporations use of it and abuse of software patents and copyright law. Mark finishes this piece with a mention of Defective by Design's IDAD 2018 - A Day Without DRM, coming up on 18 September 2018.
40:03 This podcast is dedicated to celebrating Debian turning 25 !
40:50 Under the Hood: Wayne harps back to Ubuntu MATE for his Under the Hood. To reclaim some desktop realestate, he removed the word 'menu' from the top bar and also removed the date. He did this by opening a terminal and typing the following:
gsettings set com.solus-project.brisk-menu label-visible false.
To remove the date, right click on the time, then click preferences, then uncheck 'show the date'.
Mark's starts his Under the Hood with something that is not an under the hood but an interesting read: Neal Stephenson's "In the Beginning was the Command Line". His Under the Hood is from Debian's manual: "commands for reading documentation". The three commands he gives are:
man [section-number] subject - a crucial command for helping you to learn how to use it and other Linux commands.
info [subject] - provides hypertext like documentation in that you can jump around the documentation by following links in the text.
help [subject] - provides on-line help about bash's built in commands.
47:57 Irish Saying of the Podcast: Saol fada chugat, Debian, or long life to you, Debian.
We hope you enjoyed this episode as much as we did making it!
The Binary Times - Series 4 Episode 4
Sat 4th Aug, 2018
00:24 Series 4 Episode 4 starts with Wayne regaling us from a wet and windy Bristol, his spirits have lifted as the wind blows through his hair and the rain saturates him from head to toe. Mark is concerned that Wayne is experiencing that amount of weather while recording in his house though Wayne assures us that he is doing an outside broadcast. Mark goes on to tell us that the rain has returned to Kilkishen. The guys go on to discuss their differences in opinion on the weather.
02:04 Wayne asks Mark what he has been doing for the last while, and Mark tells us that the Kilkishen Coding Club took place with two families turning up despite the Clare / Galway Hurling match taking place at the same time. Everyone there had a good time coding in Scratch and some web design. Mark thanks the Kilkishen Parent's Association for kindly renting the cultural centre for the time to allow the event to take place.
12:36 Mark's other Linuxy news is related to setting up laptops and servers for the Kilkishen Coding Club, and he tells us how he found Ubuntu Server 18.04 too different from 16.04 to allow him to be productive quickly so he reverted to using 16.04. This leads to a discussion around the differences between Ubuntu server 16.04 and 18.04.
19:51 Wayne tells us what he's been up to. He finally started to work on his X220 Thinkpad laptop. He's installed Kubuntu 18.04 on it and is trying to take on the "K" suite of software. This provokes a discussion around embracing change and differences in desktop environments. Wayne tells us he really likes Kubuntu though it's not on his main machine and that Ubuntu MATE is still his favourite.
29:17 Wayne tells us a story about change and upgrades. He recently upgraded a kernel from 4.4 to 4.15 and hit a problem with wireless drivers. He found his solultion in the last post to a thread he found on the Ubuntu Forums.
30:43 Wayne decides to change topic completely and talk about his Cisco CCNA and his recent purchase of a microtik router and Microtik's RouterOS. This leads him around to talking about GNS3, a Graphical Network Simulator that does what it says on the tin. The guys recommend GNS3 as something to have a bit of fun with.
39:40 Mark talks about some listener feedback. Tom wrote in to suggest a linuxbabe article on how to install skype. This lead Mark to think about doing a segment on installing "essential" proprietary applications. In the meantime, Martin Wimpress wrote a blog post on snapcraft.io detailing how to get productive on the Linux desktop with 7 essential snap apps. Mark goes on to tell us about the apps and how to snap install them.
45:20 Some more listener feedback, and this one is from Old Nerd on our Telegram group, detailing 4 simple steps to clean your Ubuntu System. This leads nicely into Under the Hood.
46:11 Under the Hood - Mark's under the hood is cleaning your apt cache. You do this by first checking the size, and you do that by typing:
du -sh /var/cache/apt/archives
If it is large, you can clean it out by typing the following:
sudo apt-get clean
47:38 Wayne talks about the ip route 2 suite of commands.
ip route - show the ip routing table
ip ad - show the ip address assigned to interfaces
ip ad sh eth0 - show the ip address assigned to ethernet0
sudo ip link set eth0 down - take down eth0
sudo ip link set eth0 up - bring back up eth0
51:25 Irish Saying of the podcast - "Tá sé anna fluich", or it is very wet.
Thanks for listening, we hope you enjoyed the podcast as much as we did making it!
The Binary Times - Series 4 Episode 3
Ben Klaasen chats with us.
Sat 21st Jul, 2018
00:24 Wayne introduces Series 4 Episode 3 from another hot Bristol day. Wayne goes on to introduce Ben Klaaser, an avid walker and Linux enthusiast. Ben uses Linux both at home and at work. He is a software tester for the Irish Independent. Last year Ben walked from Dublin to Istanbul.
14:07 We knuckle down to chat about Linux, Ben informs us that he uses Xubuntu, a simple interface that keeps out of the way. He also chats about other Linux distros.
15:40 Laptops all over the place in 2018, do many people use desktops these days?
17:54 Wayne speaks about synapse the tool he uses on Ubuntu MATE 16.04, he likes using it as it searches applications and documents all in one tool.
20:22 Wayne updates us on his progress with his HP Proliant ML110 and has managed to get the extra SATA ports for optical media working by changing the port type on the BIOS to 'Auto'
23:02 Maurizio's tips on LVM, Wayne chats about mirroring drives on LVM and LVM is smart enough to know to put the mirrored volume on a separte physical volume. More on this here from LinOxide.
25:25 Ben chats about mhddfs. A FUSE filesystem to join several filesystems together to form a larger one.
26:55 Wayne speaks about connecting to his Raspberry Pi using a USB UART cable. I purchased a uart cable which is just a usb connector on one end and a red (pin 2), black (pin6), white (pin 8) and green (pin 10) on your raspberry pi.
Starting from a clean Raspbian installation:
- Use raspi-config to enable the serial port (or add enable_uart=1 to config.txt) and reboot.
- sudo apt-get install screen
- Connect the three wires of the RS232 adaptor to pins 6, 8 and 10 of the Pi's header, and plug the USB plug into a free port on the Pi.
- screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200
29:45 Here is a good link to the Ubuntu Server PDF download.
33:25 Check out the free Python 3 ebook on digital ocean.
39:20 Under the hood from Ben
ccze command colorizes log files
41:05 Ben chats about the benefits of regular expressions.
43:15 Check what packages are installed on your Ubuntu\Debian system
apt list --installed
46:06 Amazing Linux Humble Bundle offering - check it out.
47:33 Irish saying of the fortnight
Tá mé go hiontach - I am wonderful.
The Binary Times - Series 4 Episode 2
Maurizio chats with us.
Sat 7 Jul, 2018
00:24 Wayne introduces Series 4 Episode 2 from a hot and sweaty Bristol. Mark's enjoying the pleasant change. Wayne goes on to introduce Maurizio Porrato, a listener of the podcast who's quite the expert with LVM. A conversation ensues around Maurizio's Linux experience, how best to use LVM and some chat about various distributions. Maurizio recommends the CentOS documentation on LVM as well as the man pages for more information on using LVM.
19:00 Wayne asks Mark what he's been up to and Mark goes on to say that he's been working to try to get a web site together for the upcoming Kilkishen's Coder Club using W3.CSS templates. Both Mark and Wayne talk about the usefulness of the w3schools website and Wayne goes on to read out what is W3.CSS. Wayne provides a link to W3 Schools and You Tube for further information.
25:54 The guys announce the winner of the competition, Ben Klaasen. We hope you enjoy your Binary Times T-Shirt from Hello Tux, wear it with pride!
27:42 Wayne tells us about his adventures with cockpit, a server manager that makes it easy to administer your GNU/Linx servers via a web browser.
31:07 Wayne talks about the recent experience he's had with sweethome3d and both Wayne and Mark praise the software for its ease of use. Mark, never being known to have big ambitious daydreams, goes on to tell us that he wants to model his house and in fact his entire village in Blender.
35:22 Mark tells us that the vote on the Copyright Directive in the EU Parliament did not pass and will have to go back for further review in the parliament in September.
36:50 Under the Hood - Mark has a really fantastic Under the Hood - snap install xonotic, xonotic being a fantastic, fast paced shooter that is also free and open source and has also recently been snapped by those wonderful snappy people.
39:09 Wayne's under the hood is with regards to vifm, a file manager with curses interface which provides a Vi like environment. Wayne likens it to Midnight Commander but with Vi key bindings. Some useful commands available in vifm are as follows:
P - Paste / Put the files into the selected pane without going through the trash
C - clone a file (makes a copy of it and adds a number after it)
Mark puts on his best worbly Oirish accent so no one will understand to deliver the Irish Podcast of the saying: "Bí cinnte agus do lón ar fad a ithe inniu" or Be sure to eat all your lunch today! Congratulations once more to Ben winning the t-shirt, thanks to Maurizio for joining us today and thanks for listening, we hope you enjoy the show as much as we did making it!
The Binary Times - Series 4 Episode 1
Sat 23 Jun, 2018
00:25 Wayne welcomes us to Series 4, yes that's right, Series 4! Whiskey Blue Skies predominate the weather report, with streams of weather producing highs at the height of Summer to help the guys reach new heights!
02:20 Mark announces the new collaboration between the Open-Source Community on Steam and the Binary Times. Wayne welcomes all the new Open-Source Community listeners to the podcast and also warns new listeners of possible down time
04:04 Mark tells us of the ups and downs he's had in his journey to create the perfect Binary Times t-shirt. He recently contacted Hello Tux, a family business that believes in promoting free and open source software, asking them if they would be willing to create a t-shirt for the Binary Times. They enthusiastically agreed and went about creating clothing based on Mark's designs. Mark received the first of the t-shirts, a black and a white t-shirt and a red carry bag earlier in the week, and is well impressed at the quality.
Hello Tux have also gratiously agreed to provide a t-shirt, which can be shipped internationally, as a competition prize. Mark gives out the competition question in the podcast, make sure to email email@example.com with your answer before the 7th July 2018 to be in with a chance to win!
Thanks once again to Hello Tux for their generosity, open spirit, and promotion of free and open source software communities.
11:33 Wayne tells us about his last two weeks of linux admin bits and pieces. This includes updating his routers (the cause of some of the down time on the web site recently) and looking into his back up situation at home. LVM didn't work out for him as a simple home back up system, so he went with 2x2TB drives and rsync. He wonders if he's missing something with LVM and asks for any feedback. Mark speaks about his own back up home server back up regime in the informative way that Mark does. The guys chat about the pros and cons of zfs.
27:32 Wayne tells us about how he upgraded his partners SSDs and changing UUIDs.
29:38 Mark talks about the proposed European Copyright Directive and how it has moved one step closer to destroying the internet. Mark pleas with the listeners to SAVE YOUR INTERNET! by contacting their MEPs before the vote in July. Wayne tells us of some recent problems with content filtering. The conversation continues onto the GDPR and other implications of Copyright Directive.
41:53 Wayne brings back the conversation to Linux with a chat about Manjaro. He got the broadcom wifi working on an old Dell laptop by doing the folowing:
Go into the Hardware Configuration in the Manjaro Settings Manager, right click on BCM4311 adaptor and choose 'Remove', then open a terminal and type:
sudo modprobe b43
To make this solution permanent Wayne followed the guide in Ask Ubuntu to set up a systemd script. He also had to install an extra program called yaourt to install freerdp for Remmina, as shown following:
sudo pacman-mirrors -g
sudo pacman -Syyu
sudo pacman -S yaourt
Wayne knows he's put more time into these laptops than they deserve but he likes to keep old hardware alive and likes Manjaro.
47:29 Mark mentions Chakra Linux as another arch like distribution and tells us that Chakra had a large upgrade to a number of important packages including linux, graphics, audio and the like. Mark commends Chakra Linux and is glad to see it thriving.
51:15 Mark drags out the podcast by talking about Will Cookes blog post on a first look at Ubuntu desktop metrics.
53:37 Wayne drags out the podcast a little more by having a discussion on the latest cyber-security bundle from the Humble Bundle. Mark is initially skeptical but seems convinced of the value of the bundle by the end of their chat.
57:17 Under the Hood - Mark tells us that you can login to snap using your Ubuntu single sign on account and that will provide you with the authorization you need to install / refresh etc. snaps without using sudo. More info can be found on the advanced snap tutorial.
1:01:45 Wayne's Under the Hood is certbot delete to delete old certificates from his Lets Encrypt directory.
1:03:03 Irish Saying of the Podcast: 'Beidh me Arais' or I'll be back. Mark comes back with 'Beidh biseach ort go luath' or you'll be better soon.
We hope you enjoyed the show as much as we did making it!
Series Four the Vague and Vacant Series
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About The Binary Times
The Binary Times podcast is created by Mark and Wayne, who just like using linux and open source software and want to spread the word.
Linux is free and open source and it is an excellent choice of operating system for our ever changing times.
This podcast is released fortnightly.
Electronic fun with the Raspberry Pi
This show aspires to touch on various aspects of Linux, with chat, musings, information, commands to help you get started or to advance within the Linux environment.
Many thanks to all recent supporters and contributors to The Binary Times Podcast.
Thanks to Squid/Alex at the Steam Open Source Community for his support and donation.